1. What is essential patent?
An essential patent is a patent which discloses and claims one or more inventions that are required to practice a given industry standard.
2. What is standardization?
Standardization is the process of developing and agreeing upon technical standards. A standard is a document that establishes uniform engineering or technical specifications, criteria, methods, processes, or practices.
3. What are the key orginizations in ICT standardization?
The International Telecommunication Union is the established to standardize and regulate international radio and telecommunications. Its main tasks include standardization, allocation of the radio spectrum, and organizing interconnection arrangements between different countries.
The International Organization for Standardization is an international-standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
The European Telecommunications Standards Institute is an independent, non-profit, standardization organization in the telecommunications industry in Europe.
The Institue of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is an international non-profit, professional organization for the advancement of technology related to electricity.
The American National Standards Institute or ANSI is a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. The organization also coordinates U.S. standards with international standards so that American products can be used worldwide.
4. What are the examples of standardized technologies in ICT?
A. 4G Mobile Telecommunications
International Mobile Telecommunications-Advanced systems are mobile systems that include the new capabilities of IMT that go beyond those of IMT-2000. Such systems provide access to a wide range of telecommunication services including advanced mobile services, supported by mobile and fixed networks, which are increasingly packet-based.
Long Term Evolution is enhancement of the 3GPPP's 3G mobile technology - Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (UTRA).
Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access is a telecommunications technology that provides wireless transmission of data using a variety of transmission modes, from point-to-multipoint links to portable and fully mobile internet access. The technology is based on the IEEE 802.16 standard.
ISO/IEC 18000 is a series of standards being created by ISO/IEC/JTC 1/SC31/WG4/SG3 for RFID air interface standards.
H.264/MPEG-4 AVC is a standard for video compression. The final drafting work on the first version of the standard was completed in May 2003.
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